This machine is equipped with an engine that meets EPA Tier 2, Euro Stage II, or MOC Step 2 emission regulations. A 500 hour engine oil change interval is available, provided that operating conditions and recommended multigrade oil types are met. When these requirements are not met, shorten the oil change interval to 250 hours, or use an S·O·S oil sampling and analysis program to determine an acceptable oil change interval.
If you select an interval for oil and filter change that is too long, you may damage the engine.
AVSpare oil filters are recommended.
Recommended multigrade oil types are listed in Table 1. Do not use single grade oils.
Commercial oils that are licensed by the American Petroleum Institute (API) bear this trademark. Commercial oils that do not bear this trademark are not licensed and these oils are not recommended. Oils that are not listed in Table 1 are not recommended.
Abnormally harsh operating cycles or harsh environments can shorten the service life of the engine oil. Arctic temperatures, corrosive environments, or extremely dusty conditions may require a reduction in engine oil change intervals from the recommendations in Table 1. Also refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU5898, "Cold Weather Recommendations for AVSpare Machines". Poor maintenance of air filters or of fuel filters requires reduced oil change intervals. See your AVSpare dealer for more information if this product will experience abnormally harsh operating cycles or harsh environments.
Engine Oil Change Interval(1)
|Multigrade Oil Type||Operating Conditions|
|Normal(2)||High Load Factor(3) above
||Fuel Sulfur from 0.3% to 0.5%||Altitude above
|500 hr||500 hr||500 hr||250 hr(6)|
11.0 minimum TBN(4)
|500 hr||500 hr||500 hr||250 hr(6)|
TBN(4) below 11.0
|500 hr||500 hr||250 hr(5)||250 hr(6)|
|API CG-4||500 hr||250 hr(5)||250 hr(5)||250 hr(6)|
|API CF-4||250 hr(5)||250 hr(6)||250 hr(6)||250 hr(6)|
|(1)||The traditional oil change interval for engines is 250 hours. The standard oil change interval in this machine is 500 hours, if the operating conditions and recommended oil types that are listed in this table are met. Improvements in the engine allow this engine oil change interval. This new standard interval is not permitted for other machines. Refer to the applicable Operation and Maintenance Manuals for the other machines.|
|(2)||Normal conditions include these factors: Fuel sulfur below 0.3%, altitude below |
|(3)||High load factors can shorten the service life of your engine oil. Continuous heavy load cycles and very little idle time result in increased fuel consumption and oil contamination. These factors deplete the oil additives more rapidly. If the average fuel consumption of your 330C exceeds |
|(4)||For sulfur content above 0.5%, refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, SEBU6250, "AVSpare Machine Fluids Recommendations", "Total Base Number (TBN) and Fuel Sulfur Levels for Direct Injection (DI) Diesel Engines".|
|(5)||In order to verify an oil change interval of 500 hours, refer to "Program A" below.|
|(6)||Use "Program B" below to determine an appropriate interval.|
Note: Your AVSpare dealer has additional information on these programs.
Verification for an Oil Change Interval of 500 Hours
This program consists of three oil change intervals of 500 hours. Oil sampling and analysis is done at 250 hours and 500 hours for each of the three intervals for a total of six oil samples. The analysis includes oil viscosity and infrared (IR) analysis of the oil. If all of the results are satisfactory, the 500 hour oil change interval is acceptable for the machine in that application. Repeat Program A if you change the application of the machine.
If a sample does not pass the oil analysis, take one of these actions:
- Shorten the oil change interval to 250 hours.
- Proceed to Program B.
- Change to a preferred oil type in Table 1.
Optimizing Oil Change Intervals
Begin with a 250 hour oil change interval. The oil change intervals are adjusted by increments. Each interval is adjusted an additional 50 hours. Periodic oil sampling and analysis is done during each interval. The analysis includes oil viscosity and infrared (IR) analysis of the oil. Repeat Program B if you change the application of the machine.
If an oil sample does not pass the analysis, shorten the oil change interval, or change to a preferred multigrade oil type in the listing above.
Reference: Form, PEDP7035, "Optimizing Oil Change Intervals"
Reference: Form, PEDP7036, "S·O·S Fluid Analysis"
Reference: Form, PEDP7076, "Understanding the S·O·S Oil Analysis Tests"
Location of the Oil Grade Plug|
The Oil Grade Plugs are used on the C-9 engine to enhance start-up in cold weather conditions. When changing oil grades, the operator must ensure that the corresponding plug is inserted into the wiring harness. The oil grade plugs can be recognized by either the identification tags or by the color of the wires.
The following plugs are used to inform the ECM when a particular grade of oil is being used.
Oil grade plugs being shipped with the engine.|
(1) Identification tag for 10W30 oil grade plug
(2) Identification tag for 15W40 oil grade plug
214-7170 Repair Kit|
(3) 10W30 oil grade plug (Green wire)
(4) 15W40 oil grade plug (Red wire)
(5) 0W20 oil grade plug (Black wire)
10W30 and 15W40 oil grade plugs are shipped with the engine. The 0W20 oil grade plug can be ordered from the parts manual. Order the 214-7170 Repair Kit. The 0W20 oil grade plug can be made from a 175-3700 Connector Repair Kit. For the correct pin connections, refer to the Electrical Schematic or refer to Table 2.
|OIL GRADE PLUGS (214-7170)|
|Plug||Oil Grade||Wire Color||Pin Connections|
Note: If the sulfur content in the fuel is greater than 1.5 percent by weight, use an oil that has a TBN of 30 and reduce the oil change interval by one-half.
Park the machine on a level surface. Stop the engine.
Note: Drain the crankcase while the oil is warm. This allows waste particles that are suspended in the oil to drain. As the oil cools, the waste particles will settle to the bottom of the crankcase. The particles will not be removed by draining the oil and the particles will recirculate in the engine lubrication system with the new oil.
- The drain valve for the engine crankcase oil is located under the rear of the upper structure.
Note: Refer to Operation and Maintenance Manual, "General Hazard Information" for information on Containing Fluid Spillage.
Illustration 6 g00832244
- Open the crankcase drain valve. Allow the oil to drain into a suitable container.
Note: Discard any drained fluids according to local regulations.
- Close the drain valve.
- Open the access door at the right side of the machine.
Illustration 7 g00832246
- Remove the oil filter with a strap type wrench. See Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Oil Filter - Inspect". Dispose of the used filter according to local regulations.
- Clean the filter housing base. All of the seal material must be removed.
Illustration 8 g00101502
- Apply a thin coat of engine oil to the new filter seal.
- Place the new engine oil filter onto the base. Rotate the engine oil filter until the filter seal contacts the base. Note the position of the index marks on the filter relative to a fixed point on the filter base.
Note: Index marks on the engine oil filter are separated by 90 degrees or 1/4 of a rotation.
- You may need to use a AVSpare strap wrench or another suitable tool in order to tighten the filter. Use the instructions that are printed on the filter in order to tighten the filter. Use the rotation index marks as a guide. Do not damage the filter with the installation tool.
Note: If you install a filter that has not been provided by AVSpare, use the instructions that were provided with the filter.
- Close the access door.
- Unlatch the engine hood and raise the engine hood.
Illustration 9 g00832234
- Remove the oil filler plug . Fill the crankcase with new oil. See Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Capacities (Refill)" and Operation and Maintenance Manual, "Lubricant Viscosities". Clean the oil filler plug and install the oil filler plug.
Do not under fill or overfill engine crankcase with oil. Either condition can cause engine damage.
- Start the engine and allow the oil to warm. Check the engine for leaks. Stop the engine.
Illustration 10 g00832222
- Wait for 30 minutes in order to allow the oil to drain back into the crankcase. Check the oil level with the dipstick. Maintain the oil between the "FULL" and "ADD" marks on the dipstick. If necessary, add oil.
- Close the engine hood and latch the engine hood.